write a paper that discusses factors that influence information gathering and processing


In developing the dissertation prospectus, the doctoral researcher must clearly define a theoretical foundation/conceptual framework and explain how the foundation/framework connects to the research questions surrounding the problem under investigation. In this assignment, you will explore factors that influence information gathering and processing and explain how these ideas could become the theoretical foundation/ conceptual framework of a dissertation prospectus. Consider, then, that much like using the scientific method in research, individuals have varied queuing mechanisms that influence how information is gathered, hypotheses are tested, and conclusions are drawn. Researchers such as Kahneman, Fredrickson, and Prochaska have greatly influenced the contemporary view of reasoning, problem-solving, decision making, and motivation.

General Requirements:

Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:

  • Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments.
  • This assignment requires that at least four additional scholarly research sources related to this topic, and at least two in-text citation from each source be included.
  • You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.


Write a paper (1,750-2,000 words) that discusses factors that influence information gathering and processing. Address the following in the paper:

  1. Briefly describe the fast brain/slow brain concept presented by Kahneman.
  2. Briefly describe the positivity ratio concept presented by Fredrickson.
  3. Briefly describe the readiness concept presented by Prochaska.
  4. Analyze how each of these concepts influences the process of creating hypotheses, testing hypotheses, and drawing conclusions. Which of these researchers’ concepts is the preferred model? Why?
  5. Using the model you identified above as the preferred model, draft a sample theoretical foundation/conceptual framework for a dissertation prospectus that is based in that model. You may use your own topic/prospectus if the model is applicable.


Arvai, J. (2013). Thinking, fast and slow, Daniel Kahneman, Farrar, Straus & Giroux. Journal of Risk Research, 16(10), 1322-1324. doi:10.1080/13669877.2013.766389

Bandura, A. (1989). Human agency in social cognitive theory. American Psychologist, 44(9), 1175–1184. doi:10.1037/0003-066x.44.9.1175

Bandura, A. (1993). Perceived Self-Efficacy in Cognitive Development and Functioning. Educational Psychologist, 28(2), 117–148. doi:10.1207/s15326985ep2802_3

Brown, N., Sokal, A., & Friedman, H. (2013). The complex dynamics of wishful thinking: The critical positivity ratio. American Psychologist, 68(9), 801-813. doi:10.1037/a0032850

Frederickson, B. L. (2013, November 2). Meng-Wu lecture: Barbara L. Fredrickson, Ph.D. [Video]. Retrieved from

Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 359(1449), 1367–1377. doi:10.1098/rstb.2004.1512

Fredrickson, B., & Branigan, C. (2005). Positive emotion broaden the scope of attention and thought-action repertoires. Cognition and Emotion, 19(3), 313-332. doi:10.1080/02699930441000238

Kahneman, D. (2003). A perspective on judgment and choice: Mapping bounded rationality. American Psychologist, 58(9), 697–720. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1037/0003-066X.58.9.697

Kahneman, D. (2011, Nov, 10). Daniel Kahneman: Thinking, fast and slow [Video]. Retrieved from

Kahneman, D. & Klein, G. (2009). Conditions for intuitive expertise: A failure to disagree. American Psychologist, 64(6), 515–526. doi:10.1037/a0016755

Khader, M. (2014). Information Gathering: Practical Concerns. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28(6), 947-948. doi:10.1002/acp.3089

McLeod, S. A. (2008). Information Processing. Retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org/information-processing.html

Morewedge, C. K., & Kahneman, D. (2010). Associative processes in intuitive judgment. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(10), 435-440.

Prochaska, J. (2001, January 10). Helping populations progress through stages of change [Video]. Retrieved from

Prochaska, J. O., Wright, J. A., & Velicer, W. F. (2008). Evaluating theories of health behavior change: A hierarchy of criteria applied to the transtheoretical model. Applied Psychology, 57(4), 561-588. doi:10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00345.x

Watson, M. (2009). Scripting intelligence. doi:10.1007/978-1-4302-2352-8