Discussion Forum 15

For this forum, I’d like us to review the differences between quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing. Quoting is easy. A quote is the author’s direct words set apart by using either quotation marks (“”) or, if it’s a longer quote, block quoting. We covered how to do those things a few weeks back. And, of course, quotes must be cited in text, and the source must be documented in your works cited page.

Well, the same citation rules apply for both paraphrasing and summary. If it’s not your own idea, even if you rephrase it (paraphrase) or condense it (summary), it still must be cited in text and documented in the works cited page.

For this discussion forum, I’d like you to do three things:

1. Excerpt a quote from one of your sources. Please use the appropriate quotation marks and in-text citation.

2. Paraphrase that same quote, citing it appropriately.

3. Summarize the quote and cite it appropriately.

I’ll give you an example:

1. This difference between infants with very low birth weights is not merely a function of socioeconomic differences: “a significant difference in IQ was recognized between VLBWI and normal term controls after controlling for socioeconomic status” (Takayanagi 598).

2. In Takayanagi’s study, low birth rate was clearly correlated to lower IQ, regardless of the infant’s socioeconomic status (598).

3. Very low birth weight appears to negatively affect IQ, independent of socioeconomics (Takayagani 598).

Please comment on three of your peers’ posts. Do the quotations, paraphrases and summaries look correct?